Bolivia - tours for people who don't like tours since 1984

Machu Picchu

From Cuzco to Machu Picchu


The stars finally aligned...

Peru is a wonderfully diverse country with many treasures to explore, but for most travelers the primary draw is Machu Picchu — the lost city of the Incas — considered to be one of the modern Wonders of the World. As a dedicated explorer, it is a place that you have been aching to visit for many years. The stars finally aligned as you now have the opportunity to visit Peru and Machu Picchu with us.

At 2,400 meters above sea level Machu Picchu is perched on the eastern skirts of the Andes cordillera, above a steep mountain and hanging over a precipitous gorge, cut out by the roaring Urubamba River, 112 km from the city of Cuzco.

It was an important religious center during the Inca Empire, yet was never discovered by the Spaniards, and kept its secret from the rest of the world until 1911, when it was discovered by Dr. Hiram Bingham. From the valley below, this cluster of temples, palaces, fountains and agricultural terraces is nearly invisible. It’s not the type of place you’d bump into, or even glimpse, as you hike across the country.

The whole restored urban complex is built around a broad and extended space that looks like a great ceremonial plaza, sunk beneath higher structures on both sides. From a more functional perspective, the city is clearly divided into two distinct sectors: agricultural and urban. The latter includes the civil sector (dwellings and canalisations) and the sacred sector (temples, mausoleums, squares and royal houses).

Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail

With an origin that is lost in legend, the Incas arrived to populate Cusco. Through time their actions lead them to form the most extensive and powerful state in ancient Peru...

The citadel of Machu Picchu is by far the most important tourist attraction in Cuzco, and is located three hours by train from the city, although it can be reached by helicopter (30 min.) or on foot (four days, via the Inca Trail).

The citadel is considered to be one of the most extraordinary examples of landscape architecture in the world. Situated in an enclave on the saddle of a mountain overlooking the deep canyon of the Urubamba River, in an area of lush subtropical forest, it served as a place of worship, a site for star-gazing and a private hacienda of the family of the Inca Pachacutec.

The subtropical climate means generally mild weather, the average year-round temperature during the day is 13ºC. There are two distinct seasons — the rainy season is from November to March and brings heavy rains. The dry season from April to October brings higher temperatures.

Necessary precautions must be taken during the rainy season.

Situated opposite Machu Picchu, is Huayna Picchu, the peak of which offers panoramic views of the imposing spread of the Machu Picchu ruins and the Urubamba Valley.

Unique expeditions, exclusive hotels and tours for people who don't like tours in Bolivia.

The long awaited visit to Machu Picchu

After visiting Cuzco, its nearby attractions/archaeological sites (see part 1 - The City of Cuzco), and the Sacred Valley of the Incas (see part 2 - The Sacred Valley) you don't want to miss the long awaited visit to the historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu.

From Cuzco to Machu Picchu

The local train leaves Cuzco (Poroy Train Station, 3,486 m, 18 km away from the city) and zigzags up through a pass at 3,600 m before rolling down to 2,000 m above sea level in the Urubamba valley. At the Ollanta station along the way, the traveler can buy fruit and food. As of kilometer 82 at Piskacucho appears the snow covered Wakaywillka, also called Veronica, 5,750 meters above sea level.

Soon after the first tunnel is the Korihuayrachina bridge at kilometer 88, where the Inca road to Machu Picchu begins. The train passes through a total of nine tunnels before arriving at Aguas Calientes (a.k.a. Machu Picchu village) and finally at Puente Ruinas after a trip of 3 1/2 hours and 112 km. From the Puente Ruinas station there are buses leaving for the Machu Picchu citadel, or the traveler may choose to walk up the spiral road to the ruins.

There is also a daily helicopter fly-over of Machu Picchu from Cuzco.

click here to openTrains to Machu Picchu

Cuzco (Poroy) to  Ollantaytambo 1½ hours
  Km 88 (Inca Trail) 30 mn
  Aguas Calientes 1 hour
  Puente Ruinas 15 mn


Train towards
Machu Picchu

Return train
to Cuzco

06h40, 07h42,
08h25 and 09h05
15h20, 16h22,
16h43, 17h27
and 17h50
09h52, 10h51,
12h11 and 12h24
19h05, 20h00,
20h23, 20h40
and 21h16
Schedules may vary. Ask us for an update at the time of reservation.

There are six categories or types of trains for the trip to Machu Picchu for foreigners and one for Peruvian people:

PeruRail Train Company to Machu Picchu

1.- Expedition Train Service

Designed exclusively for travelers with adventurous spirit who in turn seek comfort and safety. Expedition Train Service has remodeled the seat upholstery with Inca motifs, giving them a very local and indigenous touch, and ample space for your backpack.

2.- Vistadome Train Service

The quickest and easiest way to visit Machu Picchu. On the trip, you can enjoy snacks and beverages both hot and cold. Coaches recently renewed are equipped with panoramic windows allowing you to enjoy spectacular views on the way.

3.- Hiram Bingham luxury train

It has 02 coaches and 42 passenger spaces, a bar car and another car to kitchen for food preparation. Among many exquisite design details of the cars are large and comfortable seats and extra wide tables. Almost 3 feet long and 30 cm wider than others on the same route, these cars are among the most spacious and comfortable in the world.

4.- Local Train Service (only for Peruvians)

It is a subsidized train with passenger cars and freight cars, for the sole use of Peruvian passengers. These cars are less comfortable than the other services.

Inka Rail Train Company to Machu Picchu

1.- Inka Rail Tourist Service

A comfortable travel at affordable prices. Plush seats with tables in front, large panoramic windows and hot and cold drinks while you enjoy the stunning landscapes on the way.

2.- Executive Inka Rail Train Service

Cars have a capacity for 50 passengers only. Comfortable seats, all with tables in front and panoramic windows, relaxing background music and fragrant flowers. Snacks and drinks are available.

3.- First Class Train Service:

First Class Service offers maximum comfort and space on board. With only 30 seats in each car, it is spacious and comfortable.Relaxing background music, fragrant flowers, a wide selection of snacks, homemade chocolates and drinks from around the world are available, as well as a selection of books about Peru to enjoy along the way.

"Machu Picchu Train" Train Company to Machu Picchu

Each of the carriages of these trains has been conceived and designed individually, both in its exterior and interior. The distinctive character of each car was inspired by the diversity of the many birds that inhabit the surrounding area.



The Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

One of the most famous vistas in the world, Machu Picchu is the mysterious lost city that was hidden for hundreds of years above the clouds in the spectacular setting of the Andean mountains. These Inca ruins enjoy a sacred atmosphere that has to be felt to be described — with views that will leave your senses reeling. Considered to be one of the modern Wonders of the World, this is a global icon that not only lives up to the hype, but exceeds it.

An excursion to Machu Picchu can last from one to two days or more, with a possible stayover in the proximity of the Sanctuary, but it will be difficult to tear ourselves away from this truly awesome place. Options abound for trips to this seductive spot and its surroundings, so consult with our operations department.

Architectonic Features

The original builders of Machu Picchu worked hard to obtain an architectural balance in a special and difficult place. They even used materials found nearby to adapt the buildings to several levels. There are two large sections: the agricultural sector on the south and the urban sector on the north. Both have been constructed on top of a natural division, taking advantage of the existence of a dry pit, the result of a geologic fault. (Click on the collapsible panels below for more information.)

The grandeur of Machu Picchu is not only its remarkable architectural equilibrium that allowed its inhabitants to adapt to tricky terrain with efficient planning... Not only its advanced technology that supplied the urban population with basic services like water, food and warehouses... Not only the exquisite natural surroundings of dramatic contrasts between steep mountains and a profound gorge... Not only the ecological environment that is home to species of flora and fauna unique in the world... Perhaps the most notable feature of Machu Picchu is its message to modern civilization from a culture that is still alive; that wherever we rest our eyes we see in this stunningly beautiful heritage of humanity the testimony of respect for the balance of the environment, we feel the faint vibrations of a superior philosophy, and we touch with our own hands the evidence of a society that achieved a high level of social justice through an ethic and tradition of work.


Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary

This Historical Sanctuary, which was established in January 1981 and covers an area of 35,592 hectares, is much more than a collection of archaeological sites located in a misty tropical setting. Due to its strategic location, on the eastern slope of the Andes, it extends across one of the most extraordinary sectors in the country. The geographical location also allows it to protect, in an area covering just 20 square kilometres, ecosystems varying from the year-round snow found at 6,000 masl, to the steamy tropical jungles to be found at just above 1,700 masl.

Flora and fauna at the Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu are defined by several factors, mainly due to altitude and climate. In the high zones there are high-Andean gramineous plants such as different types of ichu, (shulla and chilla) and clematis. Lower zones have a larger abundance of vegetation: pisonay, queña, alders, and ferns, palm trees and puyas.

This sanctuary is home to a number of spectacular species, such as the Peruvian Cock-of-the-rocks (national bird); the spectacled Andean bear (also called the ucumari), which is the only bear species in South America; the small deer, or sachacabra; the tanka taruca; and over 300 species of birds. Other species that inhabit the Sanctuary include the wild cats, vizcacha (a rodent similar to a rabbit), and a wide range of hummingbirds, butterflies and insects.

Furthermore, over 200 species of orchid have been found, many of which grow only in the sanctuary. (Around the archaeological complex there are about 90 varieties of orchids.)

Seen from the air, the sanctuary is shaped like a half-open book, with the mighty Urubamba River flowing in a north-westerly direction through the middle, and two giant mountain ranges, the Urubamba and Vilcanota, forming a deep valley covered with tropical vegetation. The two most important peaks in this valley are the Wekey Willka, or Veronica (5,750 masl) and the majestic Salkantay (6,271 masl), which are considered to be the Apus, or guardians spirits of the region.


The Discovery of Machu Picchu

For almost 500 years Machu Picchu was abandoned and consigned to oblivion, until on July 24, 1911 it was found by Hiram Bingham, an US historian then employed as a lecturer at Yale University.

Bingham's original goal was to locate Vilcabamba, the legendary city where the descendants of the Inca aristocracy had allegedly take shelter, between 1536 and 1572, to defend against the Conquistadors.

In "The Lost City of the Incas", the book that brought Machu Picchu to the attention of the world, Bingham describes how a peasant named Melchor Arteaga told him about some important ruins at the foot of the mountain known as Machu Picchu, and subsequently lead him to the place. As the US historian inspected astonished the stone citadel, he noted down in his diary: "Would anyone believe what I have found…?".

Despite being regarded -and appreciated- as him who rescued the citadel from oblivion, Bingham has grown a controversial figure over the years. In 2002, traces of another (unknown) twentieth-century Western explorer were found, and it appears that Bingham must have attempted to eliminate these traces so as to be known as the discoverer of Machu Picchu. Simone Waisbard, a long-time researcher of Cuzco, says the discovery was a mere casualty, since the first to visit the archaeological site were Enrique Palma, Gabino Sánchez and Agustín Lizárraga, who left their names engraved on one of the rocks there on July 14, 1901.

Moreover, there is a growing opinion that Bingham's activities amounted to the despoliation of Peru's cultural patrimony. Bingham took back with him hundreds -if not thousands- of archaeological artefacts: ceramics, bronze, copper and silver relics, and stone objects. These artefacts -despite the Peruvian government's longstanding requests for their return- have yet to be given back.

There isn't much consensus yet as to what the site was in terms of its place in Incan life. According to Peruvian archaeologist Luis E. Valcárcel, Machu Picchu could be Vitcos, the fortress that watched over Vilcabamba. Luis Miguel Glave and María Isabel Remy argue that is was Picho, a settlement inside the lands of Inca ruler Pachacútec. Both a centre of worship and a astronomic observatory, it was the private retreat of Pachacútec's family.

A third hypothesis suggests that the citadel was an outpost for the exploration of the Amazon highlands next to Cuzco. As the population growth posed ever-increasing pressure on food supplies, the Inca authorities had to look for new fertile land in the surroundings. Therefore Machu Picchu could have been part of the Inca's search for extending the agricultural frontier.

In any case, the story of Machu Picchu remains quite a remarkable one. The mystery of its origin adds another veil of allure to the uniqueness of a citadel well hidden and protected, so much that the Spanish conquistadors missed it altogether, and Bingham only discovered it by chance.


The Architecture of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is located at 2,350 m.a.s.l., high above the Urubamba River, on the saddle that joins two mountains: Machu Picchu (or oldest peak in Quechua) and Huayna Picchu (youngest peak). The ruins are split into two major areas: the agricultural zone and the urban zone.

Agricultural Sector - The Inca Trail leads to the south section and divides it in two before arriving at the main entrance of the citadel. On one side of the mountain there are irrigation terraces of different types and sizes stretching horizontally along the mountain. Those on the upper zones of the entrance road were for agricultural purposes because they had flying stairs and were wider, compared to the lower terraces that prevented erosions caused by rain. There is only one water channel that goes to the section; apparently some straw-roofed rooms found there were used as storehouses (collpas). In this section you can find the Watch Tower and the Upper Cemetery and Ritual Rock.

The agricultural zone is made up of terracing for agricultural purposes, that is, by large and small platforms located in the mountain slopes. The urban zone is made of two big architectonic sets, which develop following an East-West orientation, and feature temples, squares, royal tombs, and staircases (which total some 3 thousand steps), all of which have been carved to an extraordinary degree of perfection. Over the citadel looms the Huayna Picchu mountain, which can be climbed up a steep stone-paved trail.

The agricultural sector features various structures whose roofing has been reconstructed. From the watch tower at Casa del Cuidador (Caretakers Hut) in the upper section of the city, a photographer can find spectacular angles in which most of the city will appear. Some platforms are cobblestone stairways while others are agricultural terraces and irrigation canals. The humus was brought in from faraway places, and its function within the stone grading is to absorb the humidity, and retain an optimal level of moisture for cultivation.

Urban Sector - The urban sector was constructed in the areas surrounding the central plaza. This is a whole "U"-shaped citadel. It has two series of buildings next to each side of the square or Chaupipata, which lies on a north-south axis. In the urban sector there are lots of temples, groups of rooms and workshops. The most remarkable buildings and sculptures are the Temple of the Sun, the Main Temple, the Temple of the Three Windows, the Intihuatana, the Group of the Sacred Rocks, the Street of the Fountains, and the Mausoleum.

The urban sector has two immense architectural groups with streets and stairwells that consist of a total of 3,000 steps, as well as a network of water canals suitable for domestic and irrigation use, interspersed with small squares and courtyards.

Buildings in Machu Picchu

The constructions in Machu Picchu have rectangular floor spaces. Many of the enclosures, called masmas, have three walls, which at one time were all thatched with tree trunks and ichu (straw). Doors and windows are encased in trapezoid shapes as are the niches in the walls where idols and other objects were placed; a typical feature of Inca architecture.

In the upper zone, referred to as Hanan Machu Picchu are several water fountains at different levels, the Temple of the Sun, a semi-circular structure with an altar and three windows on its lower part, and the Temple of the Three Windows, which presents beautifully carved granite rocks in concave, convex and helicoidal forms. The Intihuatana (hitching post of the sun) is a solar observatory carved out of the stone mountain itself. This stone angles out with fine precision towards the four cardinal points.

The lower zone, called Hurin Machu Picchu, contains the Temple of the Condor, and the mortar and industrial quarters. Legend has it that only the Inca and his noblemen, priests, priestesses and chosen women (Acllas) had free access to the premises of the Machu Picchu sanctuary. The construction was generally in stone and the roofs were built of tree trunks and thatched with straw. The walls lean slightly inward to protect against earthquakes.

Buildings in Machu Picchu are basically one-story, rectangular constructions, with trapezoidal doors and windows, typically Inca-style. Indeed, the whole citadel uses the Inca architectural classic style: construction with polished walls of regular shape, with junctions so perfect that not even a knife fits in between.

It is important to notice that the Incas, although they did know about the round shape (the Inti god was represented in that manner), they never applied such a shape. The mobilization of the enormous blocks of stones is a mystery. Nevertheless, it can be noted that although they never used the rounded shape they did utilized the incline plane. It is believe that they made use of thousands of men to push the stones up the incline. Sadly, the Incas did not leave any writings about that affect because the knowledge of writing was not known.

Until now it has not been possible to imagine how the engineering of the Inca civilization could move stone blocks of up to twenty tons to the top of Machu Picchu.


Tips to Visit Machu Picchu

Get the most of your visit to Machu Picchu
Make your trip an unforgettable one

What to take

To make the most of your trip, come wearing confortable clothing, a waterproof jacket, non-slip footwear, one bottle of water, sunglases, sun-protective headwear, and sun and insect repellent. If you plan to ascend Huayna Picchu or to go trekking in general, a climbing pole will be of great help, especially in the rainy season.

Although we take care of most arrangements, including train & bus tickets and entry-passes to the Inca citadel, don't forget to bring money in cash for souvenirs and snacks.

Important note: The local authorities have taken important steps in preserving the trail & the site itself by restricting daily numbers of visitors: 2,500 can enter via the bus from the village and only 500 by the trail. Tickets sell quickly so don't wait any longer and reserve your Machu Picchu tour now!

Note that large luggage is not permitted on the train service. We recommend that you take the necessary precautions and carry equipment baggage not exceeding 8 kg (17.6 pounds) that is of the same dimensions as hand luggage permitted in airlines.

How to get to the Machu Picchu citadel

The famous Inca citadel is situated in the high part of the Machu Picchu mountain, from which it takes its name. To arrive there, you should take the bus which departs around 200 metres from the train station at Puente Ruinas.

The first bus leaves at 05:30, departing thereafter every 15 minutes. The journey to the summit takes approximately 20 minutes. It is also possible to walk. Do so if you are in a good physical condition and you have allowed the necessary time. The ascent by foot takes about one hour and follows a very steep route. The last bus descends at 17:30. For more information about bus schedules and fares you may visit (in Spanish).

Routes to take

Machu Picchu citadel has many paths to follow, depending on the amount of time you have allowed for your visit.

We recommend you begin from the higher part (see map) where the viewpoints offer impressive panoramic views of the citadel. If you have enough time, you may continue ascending until arrival at Intipunko. This is the arrival point of the Inca Trail from Cuzco, and there are stunning views of the entire site.

Then, going downwards, head for the central courtyard: site of the unmissable Temple of the Sun and the Intihuatana (sun dial). Finally, continue on to the lowest part, where the Temple of the Condor and the ancient dwellings are located.

Not to be missed

Early-risers and the intrepid will be keen to climb the Huayna Picchu, the mountain alongside Machu Picchu whose characteristic silhouette looms in postcards.

An Inca Trail may be taken to the summit of this mountain. The trek is very demanding and is flanked by precipices. Recommended only if you are in good physical condition. Not recommended for children under the age of 12.

Access is limited to two groups per day, the first turn is between 07:00 am and 08:00 am, the second one is between 10:00 am and 11:00 am. The maximum amount allowed for each turn is for only 200 visitors. Note that a special ticket is required to visit Huayna Picchu (not available at the box office of the citadel itself, so make sure to ask us before you get there).

Need tickets to hike Huayna Picchu?

If you’re having trouble navigating the Peru government website to get your train tickets to Machu Picchu, or entry tickets to the ruins, we can help.

This is one situation where travel arrangements needs to be certain. If you’re not sure how to confirm your reservations and make payments, you risk not being able to get to the ruins or get in. That’s where we come in. We have resources in Cusco to send someone to get tickets on your behalf.

For those who want to hike Huayna Picchu, you need confirmed reservations. The choice is 7 am or 10 am. Unless you’re on a tight schedule, it’s advisable to let us know if you can hike at either time. Huayna Picchu is the little mountain you see behind the ruins. The hike takes about 2-3 hours to go up and then back down. Because of it’s popularity, reservations are now required.

In order to make reservations for you, we’ll need dates, (let us know if you have 1st choice & 2nd choice), your full name and passport info, full payment and the name of your hotel in Cusco, if you want us to deliver your tickets. At the time you contact us, we’ll verify that there is space available before you send any money.

Best photos of Machu Picchu

Get up bright and early and ready to queue for an hour in order to catch the 5.30 am bus. You will arrive at Machu Picchu at 6am, just before sun rise.

One of the top vantage points for panoramic shots of Machu Picchu is the high part of the citadel, facing the path to the Inca Bridge. Before arriving at this point, you will find a series of terraced steps to the right of the path that offer views of the entire Inca citadel.

Other Activities

Machu Picchu offers numerous attractions that are not to be missed. The area is home to 370 varieties of orchids. For admirers of flowers, the botanic gardens of the Inkaterra hotel are a must-see. We recommend a walk through the area surrounding the Inca citadel; among other delights, the variety of exotic flowers hosted by the mountain is quite impressive.

For budding ornithologists, Machu Picchu is a birdwatcher's paradise. We recommend that all excursions be led by specialized guides.


Facilities in Machu Picchu

Lodging and other facilities in Machu Picchu

As there are so many hotel facilities in the town of Cuzco and in the Sacred Valley, a one-day visit to Machu Picchu is feasible. However, if you wish to stay overnight, the small town of Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu village), below the ruins, has a good number of hotels and restaurants for all tastes and budgets. Standard facilities also include electricity, water supply, telephones and a police station. You will also find a great variety of shops selling local handicrafts. Find more information at (in Spanish).

For those taking the Inca Trail, there is a lodge very close to the ruins of Wiñay Wayna which has terraces and comfortable rooms.

If you count with higher budget and you want a special place where to spend the night, ask us for availability at Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge, located close to the Citadel. Other upscale lodging facilities are also available in the surroundings.

Places to eat in Machu Picchu

If you stay more than one day in Aguas Calientes there are several restaurants and hotels which offer you a varied carte du jour with dishes from Cuzco and the best of the international food.

In Machu Picchu top, located in a privileged site with a spectacular view on the citadel, the restaurant of Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge offers a menu of Peruvian and international food. Our standard tours generally include a meal at this restaurant.


The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

One of the best ways to enjoy the Sanctuary is following the Inca Trail, which passes through several eco-systems and archaeological sites. During the route is possible to observe a large variety of flora and fauna, before arriving to the walk’s end of the line, Machu Picchu.

At kilometre 88 of the Cuzco-Quillabamba railway line lies Qoryhuayrachina, the starting point for the Inca Trail, one of the most famous trekking trails in Peru. During the four-day trek, the hiker will cross through a number of altitudes and come across dozens of ecosystems situated between 2,800 and 4,000 masl. In addition, they will also be able to take in a splendid view from the imposing snow-capped mountains in the region.

The Inca Trail visits the beautiful stone citadels of Phuyupatamarca and Wiñay Wayna, among 16 other archaeological sites before ending at Machu Picchu. A relaxing bath at Aguas Calientes, 2 km from the train station, complements the 40 km circuit.

Hiking the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

Length: 2-5 days. The Classic Inca Trail of 4 days is by far the most popular. This involves three full days of hiking and arrival at Machu Picchu on the morning of the 4th day. The 5 Day Inca Trail is a great option as it is less crowded, gives you more chance to explore numerous Inca ruins along the way and gives you a full day at Machu Picchu. The Two Day Inca Trail involves one day of hiking and one day at Machu Picchu, with a night in a hotel in between; a good choice if you don’t want to sleep in a tent.

Necessary precautions must be taken during the rainy season (December through March). During February the Inca Trail is closed for maintenance.

Experience. This is the iconic South American trek for a reason. A fabulous combination of history and incredible scenery make the Inca Trail a deservedly popular trek. Scenery varies from high Andean peaks to lush cloud forest. Despite restrictions on entry though, the Inca Trail is a busy hike- you will be walking with a few hundred other people and camp sites can get busy. If this bothers you – consider the 5 day option. One major draw for the Inca Trail is the magical feeling of walking directly into Machu Picchu on the final day of the trek.

Who is this for? For people who are interested in history, have always dreamed of visiting Machu Picchu and desperately want to follow in the footsteps of the Incas – the Inca Trail really is the only trek as The Inca Trail passes a series of otherwise inaccesible Inca sites. Because of the need for permits, the Inca Trail is also only for those who can book months ahead of time. Expect days of 6-8 hours hiking. The biggest challenge is on day 3 with a long hike over the notorious Dead Woman’s Pass at 4000m. Despite the challenges, many inexperienced hikers have successfully tackled the Inca Trail. Guides are excellent at keeping you going and anyone who is fit and sufficiently acclimatized can manage the trek.

Ask us about taking the Inca Trail, the Lares or Salkantay Trek to Machu Picchu.


Weather in Machu Picchu


From June to October the mornings are warm with brilliant sunshine, though it can get quite cool in the shade. At night temperatures can drop to 10ºC.

From from December to April showers and downpours are common, followed by bright, intense sunshine. We recommend to take a raincoat or umbrella to protect yourself from the rain.



From Cuzco to Machu Picchu

Go back to the previous pages

Or contact us for your custom trip to Cuzco & Machu Picchu.


click here to openThe Inca Dynasty

(Approximate dates of assuming the throne)

  1. Manco Cápac: 1200 AC, Founder of Cuzco and of the Hurin Cuzco dynasty (natives of the lower part of Cuzco).

  2. Sinchi Roca, son of Manco Cápac: 1230.

  3. Lloque Yupanki, first son of Sinchi Roca: 1260.

  4. Mayta Kapac: 1300.

  5. Kapac Yupanki. 1320, the last monarch of the Hurin Cuzco dynasty.

  6. Inca Roca: 1350. With Inca Roca the Hanan Cuzco dynasty begins (natives of the upper part of the city). He is the first monarch to use the title Inca.

  7. Yawar Huaca: 1380.

  8. Wiracocha Inca: 1410. Born as Hatun Topa Inca, but an apparition of the God Wiracocha moves him to take this name. He initiates the expansionist period of the empire, arriving as far as Tucuman in what is today Argentina.

  9. Pachakuti: 1438. His rule presided over the construction of Sacsayhuaman in Cuzco.

  10. Tupac Yupanki: 1471. He advances as far as Quito and builds the temples on the Islands of the Sun and Moon on Lake Titicaca.

  11. Huayna Kapac: 1493. He completes the conquest of what is today Ecuador. During his reign, the Spaniards arrive at the coasts of the empire.



Cuzco is located to the north west of Lake Titicaca.

Cuzco is located to the north west of Lake Titicaca

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